Joseph Kaplan was a New York and Provincetown painter and printmaker, whose primary subjects were landscapes and figures. Born in 1900 in Minsk, Russia, he studied at the Educational Alliance Art School (founded in 1914), as well as at the National Academy of Design (in the 1920s), both in New York City.
His work was exhibited widely, including at the Corcoran Gallery, Audubon Artists, the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, and the Provincetown Art Association. He was considered to be an important painter in Provincetown, living and working there for many years. In 1955, he became an honorary vice-president and trustee of the Provincetown Art Association. His work is part of important public and private collections.